Network management is the process of administering and managing the computer networks of one or many organisations. Various services provided by network managers include fault analysis, performance management, provisioning of network and network devices, maintaining the quality of service etc. Software that enables network managers to perform their functions is called network management software.
A small number of accessory methods exist to support network and network device management. Access methods include theSNMP, command-line interface, custom XML, CMIP, Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI), Transaction Language 1,CORBA, NETCONF, and the Java Management Extensions (JMX).
Schemas include the Structure of Management Information, WBEM, the Common Information Model, and MTOSI amongst others. Internet service providers (ISP) use a technology known as deep packet inspection in order to regulate network congestion and lessen Internet bottlenecks.